Saturday, December 25, 2010

Whinfield Road - A Step Forward?

Darlington Cycling Campaign was recently consulted on proposals to develop new cycling infrastructure in the north of the town. Such consultations occur on a regular basis. but what makes this particular proposal exceptional is that it is the first that is being made on a busy arterial road, Whinfield Road, and will involve the reduction of space for motorised traffic in favour of cyclists. The map here shows the proposed stretch in red, connecting existing routes marked in yellow (advisory) and green (actual cycling infrastructure).

For some time now, we've been arguing that more visible, and more direct cycle routes are needed if more people are to get on their bikes. The core of the local authority's strategy had been to try to avoid busy roads altogether by developing signed "alternative routes" on quiet side roads. Thus, rather than cycling down North Road, we are encouraged to use the signed route down Pendelton Road, running parallel. The advantage is that a series of signs are relatively cheap to install, legally simple, and of course they do not incur the wrath of the motorist by threatening their road space. The disadvantage is that they can be, as is the case with the West Park route, somewhat roundabout, and still requiring the use of relatively busy roads.

The Cycling Campaign believes that the UK needs to adopt the best and most successful European practice. Cycle routes should be direct, continuous and safe. This therefore requires the best infrastructure to be developed where traffic is heaviest, and where cyclists are most likely to want to travel. So for example Parkgate, between the railway station and the town centre, should be the "dual carriageway" of cycle routes. It is one of the busiest roads in urban Darlington, yet one of the key cycle routes for everyday cyclists. So it is good to see the local authority taking an important step forward by tackling one such busy road.

The process is still in its early stages, and we cannot yet predict whether existing plans will in fact be carried out, or what opposition might lie around the corner. We have expressed our own views about the proposals. The off road cycle path proposal between Sparrowhall Drive and the Haughton Education Village is an excellent addition to safe routes to school in the town. However, the proposed on-road cycle lane along Whinfield Road itself, from Whinbush Way east to the Stockton roundabout, whilst commendably reducing space for motorised traffic through the elimination of central hatching, is only advisory. It is interesting to consider why.

The satellite image above shows a short stretch of Whinfield Road, where the proposed new cycle route is to be developed. As with much of the road, there is ample space for an off-road cycle path on either side of the carriageway. On busy main roads like this, with significant HGV traffic, this is our preferred option. Subjective safety is crucial if we are ever to attract people who don't cycle now, to use such roads. This option has been rejected on grounds of cost.

Our second preferred option, at least as an interim solution, would be an onroad mandatory cycle lane, something along the lines of our artists' impression below.

Since there is ample off-road parking, this would surely be a solution that offers a small degree of subjective safety to cyclists, without the recurring problem of motorists parking on the cycle lane (which would, unlike an advisory lane, be illegal). However, even the cycling community appears to be somewhat unclear about a way forward here. The objection put forward by the local authority is that such a lane would prevent motorists from accessing off-road parking, since they are legally not allowed to cross the continuous white line. This reasoning was confirmed when we asked Sustrans.

Yet it seems a great pity that arguments about the legality of crossing a white line at the side of the road (think of these lines along the side of that other busy road we have surveyed in the past, the A167 to Newton Aycliffe) can prevent rational discussion about best practice. These kinds of rules existed in Germany. They got round them by amending the law and introducing different widths of continuous white line for these new circumstances. These can be crossed by motorists wishing to access parking spaces.

In fact, to return to the need for continuity, good cycle routes can embrace both off-road cycle paths and on-road mandatory cycle lanes, as long as the one seamlessly transfers to the other. There is no good reason why certain sections of this route, where most appropriate, run behind parking areas, whilst others run between parked vehicles and moving traffic. There are examples of such situations in the council's proposals, but the "advisory lane" approach inevitably means that cyclists again have to give way to motor traffic. Rather than continuing on their own dedicated and protected cycle route, they are deemed to be "re-joining the carriageway", as in the detail from the proposals below.

The irony of all of this concern about crossing white lines to park a vehicle is that the supposed "hierarchy of road users", which places pedestrians and cyclists first and private motor vehicles (and particularly stationery ones) last, is turned upside down. New infrastructure has to be designed around the needs of those wishing to park their private vehicles along the public highway.

We all know how much there is still to do in the UK to encourage cycling. So we should give credit to Darlington Borough Council for tackling a difficult but important stretch of road. But perhaps David Cameron should take a leaf out of his own policy book, and ask his Ministry of Nudging to shove an elbow the way of his Transport Secretary, Mr Hammond, and ask him to sort out his white lines.

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to you all!

EDIT: To add yet another model to this debate, have a look at this proposed new cycle lane in Cambridge. The Cycling Campaign there have also expressed concern about motorists parking on advisory cycle lanes. Here they proposed, and appear to have won, the idea of double yellow lines along the length of the cycle lane.


No said...

I thought there were exceptions to allow motor vehicles to cross mandatory cycle lanes. certainly camcycle refers to "stopping for short periods to load and unload is sometimes permitted". Alternatively couldn't the solid white line become dashed at the access points to the off street parking?

The final diagram with the tiny section of off-road path, rejoining the carriageway just in time for a bus stop looks awful!

dkahn400 said...

On-road cycle lanes are invariably worse than no cycle lane at all. By marking this as your "second preferred option, at least as an interim solution" you are effectively approving it. The good scheme will never be built. The on-road lanes will be implemented probably in an even more sub-standard fashion than you envisage, and when you complain you will be told, "But this is what you asked for."

Dangerous places, cycle lanes.

Inconvenient Truth said...

Thanks for contributing to this, dkahn. The reason for raising it is to try to find a way forward from where we are to where we need to be.

But I can't agree that on-road cycle lanes are invariably worse than no cycle lane at all. As you suggest, it depends on the standard of the lane. Have a look at this street in Bremen for example. This cycle path is both on and off road at different points. Either way, it clearly says to motorised traffic "keep off". This is what increases subjective safety, and what we are saying here is that only by increasing subjective safety will more people cycle. Would you reject this standard in today's UK?

If you have a better way forward, I'd love to hear it.( I presume you are not advocating vehicular cycling!!). We are simply arguing that UK cycling policy follow "best practice", and stop this incessant, dangerous, ethnocentric belief in mixing cyclists with fast and heavy motorised traffic.

dkahn400 said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
dkahn400 said...

I meant of course that in practice they are worse than no lane at all as implemented in the UK except in a few rare cases.

I am in favour of high quality segregated facilities and opposed to substandard facilities. They do not encourage cycling, usually make it less convenient and are often actively dangerous. It is a mistake for cycling campaginers to offer anything that can be interpreted as approval of such facilities.

I think there is a false dichotomy operating here. Vehicular cycling is not an alternative to provision of good facilities, nor is it a tool for encouraging mass cycling. It is a strategy for cycling in their absence.

wuppidoc said...

In a country like Britain, where hardly any cycling dedicated infrastructure exists, a country that is also struggling with a big financial crisis thanks to the London City and political mistakes in the past, you have to find first and affordable steps into a new world of transport policy. Id est - yes it would be gorgeous, if we could get top of the art off-road cycle paths on every main, busy arterial road in Darlington. But meanwhile we have to find interim solutions. Copenhagen started with on road cycle lanes, they are still keeping a lot of them but try to build more off road paths now.
My experience as a long term cyclist (actually 54 years today of cycling) is that on-road cycle lanes give the cyclist more safety than nothing. The driver sees you, and he/she realises that you are pedalling on your dedicated space that is not the motorists space. It is also a tool to teach car drivers that they are not alone on roads, which are nothing else but public space, kept and built by every tax payer.
The tax payer has the right to ask for good quality on- or off-road cycle infrastructure, but he/she has also the right to ask for reasonable affordable first steps. Don't destroy Darlo's first steps by barking up the wrong tree, which only gives councillors that are against any cycling infrastructure on main roads a reason for not doing anything. Let us start to build a new future and let us be positive about it.

Inconvenient Truth said...

Interesting point about quality control, dkahn. The UK is notorious for crap standards, not least its housing stock. Passive housing (zero carbon emissions) is the recognised "best practice" standard for new housing in Europe today, but the UK is still years away from it, thanks to the lobbying power of the construction industry and a useless gvt. But the solution would not be to argue for no new houses.

We need to be clear about infrastructure quality standards. It is this debate that is lacking in DfT and CTC literature - and indeed in Cycling Campaigns. Which standards deliver the best subjective safety for cyclists, and which fail? I suspect any cycle lane that requires cyclists to "join the main carriageway" for any reason, eg parked cars, fails this test. But it would also relate to traffic quantity and speed. I could go on, but this should be the subject of much deeper analysis. The real problem is that all these UK traffic engineers are being diverted into designing crap infrastructure by the DfT and CTC's piss-poor policy (the "hierarchy of provision").

And you're spot on about vehicular cycling as a strategy for cycling in the absence of proper infrastructure!